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[硕士论文] 刘东华
课程与教学论 哈尔滨师范大学 2014(学位年度)
摘要:关注民族语言、保持民族语言多样性已成为一个共性话题,引起世界范围的广泛关注。而世界范围内的少数民族语言正面临濒危的危险,赫哲语正是我国濒危语言之一,从而如何拯救濒危赫哲语,寻找传承和发展赫哲语有效途径已迫在眉睫。学校民族语言教育作为民族语言传承主要方式,不仅可以提高赫哲语活力指标等级,改善赫哲语濒危评估等级;而且可以促进濒危语言的活态保护,对拯救濒危赫哲语起着重要作用。所以可以通过加强民族语言教育来实现对濒危赫哲语的拯救与保护,发挥学校民族语言教育这一重要传承途径来拯救濒危的赫哲语。本文共分四个部分:
  第一部分,绪论。主要介绍了本论文的选题缘由、选题目的与意义、研究思路和方法、国内外研究综述以及论文的创新之处。
  第二部分,依据语言活力评估指标体系,对街津口赫哲语进行实地调查,评估赫哲语濒危程度。
  第三部分,在认清拯救濒危语言必要性的基础上,探索拯救濒危赫哲语的途径,提出民族语言教育是拯救濒危语言有效途径,并以街津口中心校民族语言教育的实地调查资料为依据,提出民族语言教育存在的问题。
  第四部分,主要从语言教育培养目标、师资建设、课程建设、教学研发、推广赫哲语教育等方面提出加强赫哲语语言教育的对策,以此通过加强赫哲语教育来拯救濒危语言。
[硕士论文] Kurashova Natalia
英语语言文学·语言学 黑龙江大学 2007(学位年度)
摘要:The problems of the Nanai language attracts not only linguists' attention, but also local officials who are connected with some practical activities such as creation of schools for Nanai children and classes in govemmental schools for teaching in Nanai. There is enough general information in Russian and Chinese linguistics about culture, traditions, language and dialects of Nanai people. But we found out the absence of some special scientific researches in the field of comparing the language and culture of two dialects of the same tribe Nanai and Hezhen. This fact induced us to research the language of Hezhen, compare it with literary Nanai and find out the phonetic differences between them, state the changes that took place in the language vocabulary due to different territories, culture and the influence of national languages, Russian and Chinese in particular. In the work we took up the different layers of Nanai and Hezhen such as sounds, vocabulary and the borrowings that were made in different periods from Russian and Chinese. This work is based on the materials and knowledge that we got here in China. We consider our work to be more practical then theoretical (though the theory of the problem is given in this work both from the point of view of Russian and Chinese scholars)as the Nanai vocabulary has been studied thoroughly and all the examples are given in comparison in Nanai, Hezhen, English, Russian, and Chinese. While analyzing the words all the peculiarities of the word meanings were accounted. When we were in the process of writing this paper, we faced the problem of realities of the Nanai language, i.e. the words that describe the things existing only in Nanai culture, such as the words denoting articles of clothing, kitchen utensils or Nanai cuisine. We do not completely agree with the translations of those words given by Chinese scholars, so in our work we also tried to give full explanation of those realities. In our work, we try to attract people's attention to the problem of minorities not only in Russia but also in China. We would like to put our small contribution into the process of keeping and preserving Nanai culture. We think that this movement nowadays becomes more active then ever. Through this movement there appear more and more young people who would like to follow the examples of ancestors and keep teaching their children and grandchildren their native language and culture.
[硕士论文] 张松
中国少数民族语言学·满族语言与历史文化 黑龙江大学 2006(学位年度)
摘要:语言是人类文化的重要载体之一。通过满语、赫哲语这两种亲属语言在物质文化、制度文化和精神文化中共有词的比较研究,可以探寻这两个兄弟民族的历史文化联系和社会文化变迁轨迹,揭示社会文化变迁对民族语言文化产生的影响和处于不同生态环境与社会环境中的两种濒危语言共有词演变的差异与共同规律。文章以大量语言素材为基础,结合相关历史文献,深入分析了满语、赫哲语的濒危原因,为研究、认识濒危语言的演变规律,正确对待语言使用问题,制定相适应的语言政策与语言规划提供参考。
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